Yes, President Trump, there is a difference between HIV and HPV. Here’s a handy tipsheet


In the early days of his presidency, Donald Trump famously declared that “nobody knew that healthcare could be so complicated.”

At the time, he was speaking about health insurance coverage. But maybe he was additionally interested by two doubtlessly life-threatening viruses — HIV and HPV.

In a video that got here to gentle this week, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates described two conferences with Trump the place the lads mentioned a number of points associated to innovation, science, schooling and world health.

“Both times, he wanted to know if there was a difference between HIV and HPV,” Gates recounted to staffers of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. “I was able to explain that those are rarely confused with each other.”

(The viewers responded with hearty laughter.)

HIV, brief for human immunodeficiency virus, wreaks havoc on the immune system. If not stored in test with correct remedy, the virus will rob the physique of its capacity to resist infections. HIV can result in AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), a situation that makes folks weak to opportunistic infections. These infections might be deadly.

HPV (human papillomavirus) is the title for a household of viruses that have an effect on the pores and skin and different organs. More than 150 viruses have been recognized, although not all of them are harmful. About 40 sorts infect the genital space, together with no less than 13 that may trigger cancer. Some forms of HPV produce warts elsewhere on the physique, together with on the arms, elbows and ft.

For President Trump, and anybody else out there who could also be confused, right here’s a primer on the difference between HIV and HPV.

Who’s contaminated?

HIV: More than 1.1 million Americans are contaminated with HIV.

HPV: About 79 million Americans have an HPV an infection.

Do they know?

HIV: About 14% of Americans with HIV don’t know they’re contaminated.

HPV: Most folks with HPV don’t know that they’re contaminated.

What occurs if left untreated?

HIV: The virus reduces the immune system’s provide of T cells, making sufferers weak to opportunistic infections.

HPV: In most circumstances, an HPV an infection clears up by itself. Two forms of HPV trigger genital warts, which might be uncomfortable however will not be harmful.

How does it unfold?

HIV: It can unfold via sexual contact or by sharing needles with somebody who is contaminated. A mom can move HIV to her youngster throughout pregnancy, delivery or via breastfeeding.

HPV: It spreads via skin-to-skin contact throughout vaginal, anal or oral intercourse.

Does it trigger most cancers?

HIV: People with HIV usually tend to develop sure forms of most cancers, together with Kaposi sarcoma, aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and cervical cancer.

HPV: About a dozen forms of HPV may cause cervical most cancers, together with cancers within the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, mouth and throat.

Is there a remedy?

HIV: There is no remedy for HIV, however it may be stored underneath management with antiretroviral therapy, or ART.

HPV: There is no remedy for the virus, however there are medicines for the circumstances the virus causes.

What about a vaccine?

HIV: There is no vaccine to stop HIV, although a number of candidates are within the works.

HPV: There are vaccines to stop an infection with as much as 9 forms of HPV that trigger most cancers.

What else do I must know?

HIV: Once a person turns into contaminated, medical doctors can’t remove all traces of the virus. But sufferers on ART can have a regular life expectancy. There is no remedy for HIV.

HPV: It is the most typical sexually transmitted disease, and practically everybody turns into contaminated no less than as soon as of their lives.

Bonus materials: HSV

Now that you just’ve mastered the difference between HIV and HPV, you is perhaps taken with a third virus with a related title — HSV.

Short for herpes simplex virus, HSV is available in two varieties. Both sorts — HSV-1 and HSV-2 — trigger genital herpes, a sexually transmitted illness that afflicts greater than 17% of Americans between the ages of 14 and 49. Genital herpes spreads via vaginal, anal or oral intercourse. Symptoms embrace itching, ache, small sores or blisters, ulcers and scabs. There is no vaccine or remedy, however there are medicines that may shorten an lively outbreak or stop a future one.

HSV-1 additionally causes oral herpes, which may result in chilly sores or fever blisters within the space of the mouth.

Most individuals who have both kind of HSV don’t notice they’re contaminated as a result of they don’t develop any signs.

Twitter @LATkarenkaplan 


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